Abstract: Due to the repetitive progressive collapse events, it became necessity to form theories of designs against those cases of loadings. Prestressed reinforced concrete elements become widely used in construction field due to various properties that contribute to...
Applied Element Method
Abstract: Progressive collapse is defined as either partial or overall failure of the structure due to losing one of the main structural elements. In order to control this chain reaction, it is important to study the main structural elements behavior under column...
his paper investigates the influence of structural arrangement on long-duration blast loaded annealed glazing via variable thickness, area, aspect ratio and edge support conditions. Initially, the findings of eighteen full-scale air-blast trials employing 33 annealed glazing panels are reported where it is demonstrated that fracture mode and fragmentation are a strong function of edge supports. […]
n March 2011, the Tohoku tsunami swept over the east coast of Japan killing more than 15,000 people and missing more than 2,500 people. The tsunami resulted in collapsing of more than 400,000 buildings and washing away of more than 250 coastal bridges. In this study, the collapse of Tsuyagawa bridge damaged by the Tohoku […]
uring last decades, there was an increased interest from research and design professionals to provide effective strategies in protecting buildings and other assets from the direct effects of blasts or other incidents. Experimental tests, conducted over a large range of distances and charge weights, helped at developing analytical approaches and charts which can be used […]
ultistory steel frames are expected to provide resistance to progressive collapse following local damage or failure caused by extreme loading events. Features like ductility and continuity provide more deformation capacity and redistribution of loads so that the structure can bridge over damaged elements. Special measures should be taken to ensure that the connections can withstand the extreme loading […]
Separation Strain for Progressive Collapse Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Building Using Applied Element Method
he basic theory of the applied element method is described in this article, and some modeling techniques for applying this analysis method to the simulation of the progressive collapse of reinforced concrete tall buildings are suggested. Separation strain, which is considered to have potential for use in realistic representation of the collapse of structures, was […]
nreinforced masonry (URM) structures have shown to be susceptible to significant damage during strong earthquakes. Vulnerability assessment of URM buildings is needed so that appropriate mitigation strategies can be implemented. The existing Canadian practice consists of rapid seismic screening of buildings to assign priorities for further and more refined assessments, followed by refined analysis of […]
urrent research with respect to the protection of civilian infrastructure against complex blast loading conditions is primarily focused towards the effect of external explosive sources. As a consequence, the general literature on internal building detonations and specifically in the context of protective design and assessment of structures against these loading conditions is incomplete. Existing guidelines […]