Overwhelmingly, the finite element method has served as the analytical framework for such models. However, alternative physics engines, such as the Applied Element Method, offer distinct advantages over the finite element method both with respect to the computational considerations in the identification process and with respect to the use of the calibrated model for assessment of structural response to extreme loads. A general framework for structural identification with applied elements is discussed, and advantages are contrasted with traditional finite element approaches. A case study application, a prestressed concrete double-tee joist roof tested in a full-scale building, is presented to demonstrate the approach and emphasize these advantages.
Matthew J. Whelan, Timothy P. Kernicky, David C. Weggel, Dynamics of Civil Structures, Volume 4, Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series, P255-262, Springer International Publishing. Print ISBN 978-3-319-04545-0. Online ISBN 978-3-319-04546-7.